Choose your subject with care
Pick your food items wisely. Most newcomers in this field tend to not give much thought to this aspect of photographing food instead paying more attention to their camera, or lighting, or other fancy gear. But it should go without saying that your subject is eventually what people are going to see. The average person is not really wondering what settings you chose on your camera or other technical details. They are busy appreciating the fantastic picture you took. So make sure you choose fresh ingredients or make thoughtful decisions while choosing what to shoot. Maybe the fruit you want to highlight has an interesting odd shape which would add an element pf interest to the composition or the salad leaves look like they’ve just been plucked from your garden and not look like they’ve been siting outside in the heat for too long
Play wth color and composition
One of the most important aspects of taking a good photo is how you choose to frame and compose your subject. if you look at your subject as simply forms and colors it helps with the composition and this is true of any kind of photography and not necessarily food photography. If you have a large circular dish in your frame perhaps you could choose to break up the dominant shape or alternatively you could choose to enhance it with how you play around with the composition. If you want to shoot food of a certain color then maybe you could make your food container in a complimentary color so the photo looks more pleasing.
Use a tripod
A tripod is a good way to keep your frame steady while you move around or add and remove items while you shoot your food. It also lets you shoot in low light without having to worry about blurry images or camera shake.
Try to shoot quickly
Food looks best when it’s fresh be it raw ingredients or a dish that has just been prepared. So its a good idea to take your pictures as quickly as possible. you can spend time perfecting your composition or setting everything up and leave the food item to come in last so you can go straight into the shooting rather than waste precious time setting up your equipment or composition after the food has been prepared and risk it losing its freshness.
Experiment with natural light
For new comers who do not know much about lighting equipment and are unsure about whether they need to invest in lights I’d say you don’t have to. If you have a large window that lets in diffused light onto a table where you can setup your subject to shoot, you can go for it and natural lighting for food tends to make it look appealing without having to spend money on buying expensive lights. Backlighting is a foolproof way of getting good shots out of your food compositions. It lets light glide over your food and gives it a glow that might not work when your light is placed at other angles in relation to the food.